Accessibility Terms Glossary

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A

AA
Academic Affairs
Accessibility
Accessibility is a general term used to describe the degree to which a system is usable, perceivable and understandable by as many people as possible. In the context of the Accessibility Technology Initiative, accessibility is the ability to access information and services by minimizing the barriers of distance, cost and usability of the interface. In many countries, this has led to initiatives, laws and regulations that aim toward providing universal access to the internet and to phone systems at reasonable cost to citizens.
AccMonitor
AccMonitor is HiSoftware's comprehensive server platform that enables validation of web content for compliance with standards and accessibility policies. AccMonitor and AccVerify have been replaced by Compliance Sheriff.
AccVerify
A module of AccMonitor that validates web sites for compliance with accessibility policies. AccMonitor and AccVerify have been replaced by Compliance Sheriff.
ADA
Americans with Disabilities Act
ADA Compliance Office
The ADA Compliance Office works with the campus to monitor physical and program access, support the implementation of the Accessible Technology Initiative (ATI), and ensure equal access for persons with disabilities at SJSU.
Alternate formats
Alternate formats usable by people with disabilities may include, but are not limited to, Braille, ASCII text, large print, recorded audio and electronic formats that comply with this part.
Alternate methods
Different means of providing information, including product documentation, to people with disabilities. Alternate methods may include, but are not limited to, voice, fax, relay service, TTY, Internet posting, captioning, text-to-speech synthesis and audio description.
Alternative text
Textual information that describes an image on a Web page.
Assistive technology
Any item, piece of equipment, or system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is commonly used to increase, maintain or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.
ATAC
Academic Technology Advisory Committee
ATI
Accessible Technology Initiative

B

C

CAM
CSU Center for Accessible Media
Captioning
Captions are text versions of the spoken word. Captions allow the content of web audio and video to be accessible to those who do not have access to audio.
CFD
Center for Faculty Development
CSS
Cascading Style Sheets is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can be applied to any kind of XML document. The CSS specifications are maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) (as defined by Wikipedia)
CSU
California State University

D

Data table
A table on a Web page that contains information arranged in rows and columns. Data tables must have row and/or column headings.
DRC
Disability Resource Center

E

EARC
Employment Accommodations Resource Center
E&IT
Electronic and Information Technology
Electronic and Information Technology
Includes information technology and any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the creation, conversion or duplication of data or information.
EnAct
Ensuring Access through Collaboration and Technology
EO
Executive Order

F

G

H

HiCaption
HiCaption is HiSoftware's tool to help web content developers quickly create synchronized captions for web multimedia.
HiSoftware
Tool for web content accessibility validation.
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language

I

IT
Information Technology
Information Technology
Any equipment or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment, that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission or reception of data or information. The term information technology includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources.
ITAC
Information Technology Advisory Committee

J

JAWS
JAWS is screen reading software. It converts text information on a computer screen to spoken words.

K

L

LMS
Learning Management System
Layout table
A layout table is used to position elements on a Web page. Typically, a layout table will consist of one row and several columns. Layout tables should not have row or column headings.

M

N

O

Operable controls
A component of a product that requires physical contact for normal operation. Operable controls include, but are not limited to, mechanically operated controls, input and output trays, card slots, keyboards or keypads.

P

PASS
Procurement and Support Services
PDF
Portable Document Format

Q

R

RFP
Request for Proposal
RFQ
Request for Quotation
RSS
Really Simple Syndication (RSS 2.0)

S

Section 504
Sec. 504.(a) No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States, as defined in section 7(20), shall, solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance or under any program or activity conducted by any Executive agency or by the United States Postal Service.
Section 508
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act requires access to electronic and information technology procured by Federal agencies. The Access Board developed accessibility standards for the various technologies covered by the law. These standards have been folded into the Federal government's procurement regulations.
Semantic markup
Markup (such as HTML) which describes the meaning of document elements, as opposed to their appearance. Semantic tags include headings (<h1> through <h6>), lists (<ol>, <ul>, and <dl>), <strong> and <em>. Non-semantic tags include <div>, <font>, etc.

T

TTY
An abbreviation for telephone typewriter or teletypewriter, an electronic device that transmits coded signals across the telephone network. TTYs may include, for example, devices known as TDDs (telecommunication display devices or telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers with special modems. TTYs are also called text telephones.

U

Undue Burden
Undue burden means significant difficulty or expense. In determining whether an action would result in an undue burden, an agency shall consider all resources available to the program for which the product is being developed, procured, maintained or used.
Usability
Usability measures the quality of a user's experience when interacting with a product or system, whether a web site, a software application, mobile technology or any user-operated device.

V

Validation
Inspection of a web page to ensure that it conforms to the appropriate standard (i.e. HTML 4.0, XHTML 1.0, etc.).
VPAT
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template

W

W3C
World Wide Web Consortium
Web Accessibility
Web accessibility in the CSU context is the application of design principles to make web sites, web applications and web content usable by persons with disabilities who may be using assistive technologies to access the site.
WebAIM
WebAIM is a nonprofit organization within the Center for Persons with Disabilities at Utah State University. It provides comprehensive web accessibility solutions.
Webcheck
Webcheck.sjsu.edu is web site which uses AccMonitor to perform automated accessibility tests. If you are interested in having your site added to Webcheck, please contact the Web Services Unit.
WebCMS
A Website Content Management system provided by the Web Services Unit. WebCMS is based on OpenCms, and uses page templates designed with accessibility in mind.
Web Services
A unit of Academic Technology that provides various web-related services.
Web standards
Web standards include HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Web sites that follow standards are typically more accessible and easier to maintain.

X

XHTML
eXtensible HyperText Markup Language. XHTML is similar to HTML, but has the additional requirement that XHTML pages also be well-formed XML.
XML
eXtensible Markup Language XML is a general language for describing information. In XML, all tags must be closed.

Y

Z