Hawaii Radiocarbon Database

To examine paleodemography and social change in the Hawaiian Islands I am in the process of creating a GIS database of radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites across the entire archipelago. The value of this database from the perspective of paleodemography is in the potential to track population changes at a number of spatial and temporal scales through using dates as a proxy for human colonization, the expansion of settlement on individual islands, and long-term demographic change.

        Current estimates suggest 2,000 to 3,000 samples have been radiocarbon dated over the past fifty years with most funded through cultural resource management projects. Once this database has been completed it will be made available via the internet. However, to protect the location of sites protocols will be in place to limit access. 

A century scaled representation of radiocarbon dates from Moloka‘i Island. Note that pre-800 A.D. dates are likely unreliable.

For similar research in Oceania see:

NZ Radiocarbon Database: http://waikato.ac.nz/nzcd/index.html 

Dye, T. S. and E. Komori (1992). "A pre-censal population history of Hawaii." New Zealand Journal of Archaeology 14 (113-28).

Green, R.C. (1964). "Carbon-14 Dates." Current Anthropology 5(5): 428-9.

McCoy, M.D. (in press) "Revised Late Holocene Culture History for Moloka‘i Island, Hawai‘i." Radiocarbon. Accepted: IV/07.

McFadgen, B. D., F. B. Knox, et al. (1994). "Radiocarbon Calibration Curve Variations and Their Implications for the Interpretation of New Zealand Prehistory." Radiocarbon 36(2): 221-236.