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The History of Meteorological Analysis
The Time Line of the Development of Meteorological Analysis
1660: The description of the compressibility of gases by Robert Boyle
1670: The speculation that air pressure should decrease with altitude by Halley
1674: The verification by Pascal that air pressure decreases with altitude
1686: The observation and description of the trade winds and the monsoons by
Halley
1735: The description of the effect of Earth's rotation on wind direction by
Hadley
1743: The recognition by Benjamin Franklin that storms are moving systems of winds
and clouds. Before Franklin storms were thought to be strictly local events.
1803: Luke Howard formulates his cloud classification scheme
1816: Creation of synoptic maps by Brandes
1835: Coriolis provides an analysis of the effect of the Earth's rotation on wind
direction
1840: Dove identifies polar currents and equatorial currents
1861: Jinman provides a formal model of a cyclone
1878: Ley creates first model of a cold front
1883: Abercromby develops model of cyclone based up the distribution of pressures
1890: Van Bebber develops model of cyclone based upon vertical distribution of divergence and the
radial temperature gradient
1903: Formulation of the mechanism for the source of the kinetic energy of storms from the
total potential energy and horizontal temperature gradients
1909+: The development of streamline analysis by Bjerknes and Sandström
1918+: The development of polar front theory by J. Bjerknes, Solberg and Bergeron (The
Bergen School)
1928: Analysis of the kinematics of the development of fronts by Bergeron
1930: The formulation of isoentropic analysis by Shaw
1937+: The application of isoentropic analysis by Rossby and Namias
1945: The formulation of quasigeostrophic analysis by Charney and Eliassen
1970: The formulation of semigeostrophic theory and its application by Hoskins
1970: The development of the theory of symmetric instability in cyclones by Hoskins,
Bennetts and Emanuel