This course introduces students to key transportation planning issues dealt with at the municipal level, including residential street design, coordination of land-use and transportation planning, transit planning, approaches to addressing traffic congestion, and parking policy.
As students learn about these different transportation planning topics, the course will also teach a number of key skills critical to any transportation planner. By the end of the semester, students who successfully complete the course will learn to:
Explain the connections between travel
behavior and urban form as defined by density, diversity, and design.
Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of local transportation planning tools and policies. In particular, students will learn introductory-level strategies to apply five key evaluation metrics for transportation plans and policies:
Do they improve accessibility for all modes (e.g., private vehicles, transit vehicles, pedestrians, and bicyclists)?
Do they improve accessibility for all population groups?
Do they improve local quality of life (beyond providing accessibility benefits)?
Do they reduce impacts of the transportation system on the natural environment?
Do they equitably distribute the costs and/or benefits of the transportation system?
Evaluate the effectiveness of transportation plans and policy tools by finding reliable research and data and using the information to assess the likely outcomes of those plans or policy tools.
(SJSU course catalogue descriptions: URBP 256: Examination of transportation planning issues addressed at the neighborhood and municipal level. Not to substitute for transportation engineering. Course may be repeated for credit when topic changes. // ENVS 178 & URBP 178: Overview of urban transportation as a social essential. Technical, operational, social, environmental, land use, economic and fiscal aspects of urban transportation systems of all modes. Prerequisite: Upper division standing or instructor consent.)
Class meetings: Thursdays, 7:15 – 10:00 p.m., in Clark Hall 229 (campus map)
Office: Room 218C in Washington Square Hall (enter through
Phone: (408) 924-5853
Instructor website: http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/weinstein.agrawal/
Please note that it is usually faster to reach me by email than by leaving a phone message.
I welcome students to come talk to me often during office hours, whether about a specific question or merely to chat about ideas relating to the course or your general studies at SJSU.My office hours for the Spring 2009 semester are Wednesdays, 9:30 – 11:30 a.m., and Thursdays, 2:30 – 5:30 p.m. Feel free either to drop by or call during these times. You are also welcome to schedule an appointment during these times.
While I make every effort to attend all office hours, occasionally I might be unavailable due to illness or an emergency. Before coming to see me, I suggest that you call or email to confirm that I will be available.
If you wish to speak to me but are unable during my office hours, ask to arrange an alternate time to meet in person or speak on the phone.
1. Weekly readings
Readings for the course will be available on-line either on the web or through the SJSU library's electronic course reserves system. If you need help accessing the electronic reserves, the process is explained at the library's "Electronic Reserves Help" page.
I will also hand out a small number of additional articles in class. If you miss class, be sure to check with another student to borrow any handouts you may have missed.
2. Style book
Turabian, Kate. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations, 7th ed. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2007.
This book is available for purchase at the campus bookstore, as well as at many bookstores around the Bay Area and on-line. Be sure to buy the correct edition.
Students are expected to attend all class sessions, complete assigned readings, and complete these written assignments:
|Course assignments||% of course grade|
|1. Organization analysis||20%|
|2. Policy effectiveness analysis||30%|
|3. General plan sustainability analysis||25%|
|4. Weekly memos||25%|
Students should attend all classes and participate fully in discussions and class exercises, as these are critical to learning the course content.
If you know that you will have to miss all or part of a class, please let me know in advance. Please also follow common rules of courtesy to keep from disrupting the class: e.g., do not arrive late, and turn off cell phones and pagers.
Students should not use laptops during class.
For most of the class sessions, there will be an associated memo assignment. The memos will help you to better understand the issues covered in the readings and prepare you for productive in-class discussions.
Memo formatting requirements:
Due dates and grading policies:
SJSU's Policy on Academic Integrity states:
Students should know that the University’s Academic Integrity Policy is available at www.sa.sjsu.edu/download/judicial_affairs/Academic_Integrity_Policy_S07-2.pdf. Your own commitment to learning, as evidenced by your enrollment at San Jose State University and the University’s integrity policy, require you to be honest in all your academic course work. Faculty members are required to report all infractions to the office of Student Conduct and Ethical Development. The website for Student Conduct and Ethical Development is available at www.sa.sjsu.edu/judicial_affairs/index.html.
Instances of academic dishonesty will not be tolerated. Cheating on exams or plagiarism (presenting the work of another as your own, or the use of another person’s ideas without giving proper credit) will result in a failing grade and sanctions by the University. For this class, all assignments are to be completed by the individual student unless otherwise specified. If you would like to include in your assignment any material you have submitted, or plan to submit for another class, please note that SJSU’s Academic Policy F06-1 requires approval of instructors.
Plagiarism is the use of someone else’s language, images, data, or ideas without proper attribution. It is a very serious offense both in the university and in your professional work. In essence, plagiarism is both theft and lying: you have stolen someone else’s ideas, and then lied by implying that they are your own.
Plagiarism will lead to grade penalties and a record filed with the SJSU Office of Student Conduct and Ethical Development. In severe cases, students may also fail the course or even be expelled from the university.
If you are unsure what constitutes plagiarism, it is your responsibility to make sure you clarify the issues before you hand in draft or final work.
Learning when to cite a source and when not to is an art, not a science, and it is impossible to list every possible type of plagiarism. However, here are some typical examples of plagiarism that you should pay particular attention to avoid:
The University of Indiana has developed a very helpful website with concrete examples about proper paraphrasing and quotation. See in particular the following pages:
On the last page listed, you will find a quiz to test how
well you understand proper paraphrasing.
If you still have questions after reading these pages, feel free to talk to me. There is nothing wrong with asking for help, whereas even unintentional plagiarism is a serious offense.
When you cite another author’s work in any assignment for the course, use footnotes and a bibliography formatted following the directions in Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed., University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Note that Turabian’s book describes two systems for referencing materials: (1) "notes" (footnotes or endnotes), plus a corresponding bibliography, and (2) in-text parenthetical references, plus a corresponding reference list. Be sure to use the first system, with footnotes and a bibliography, for all work you turn in during the semester.
There are many websites that give guidance on Turabian-style citations, but many include incorrect or incomplete information. Therefore, you need to work from the book itself.
If you need course adaptations or accommodations because of a disability, or if you need special arrangements in case the building must be evacuated, please make an appointment with me as soon possible, or see me during office hours. SJSU Presidential Directive 97-03 requires that students with disabilities requesting accommodations must register with the SJSU Disability Resource Center to establish a record of their disability.
You can find information about the services SJSU offers to accommodate disabled students at www.drc.sjsu.edu.
* * * * *
Week 1: January 22
- Introductions and course overview
- The transportation planning/policy evaluation process
- Transportation policy evaluation metric #1: Multi-modal accessibility impacts
Week 2: January 29
Due: Memo #1: Accessibility for All (memo assignments here)
- Transportation policy evaluation metric #2: Accessibility impacts across different population groups
- Looking at travel patterns for by different population groups (gender, ethnicity, age, etc).
- How to read transportation research studies
- Crane, Randall. "Is There a Quiet Revolution in Women's Travel? Revisiting the Gender Gap in Commuting." Journal of the American Planning Association 73, no. 3 (2007): 298 - 316. (Available through the SJSU library's on-line databases.)
- Blumenberg, Evelyn, et al. Travel of Diverse Populations: Literature Review (PATH Working Paper). Berkeley: California PATH Program, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Berkeley, September 2007. Available at http://www.path.berkeley.edu/PATH/Publications/PDF/PWP/2007/PWP-2007-05.pdf. (Note: If you don't want to read the entire report, you can just read the Abstract, Executive Summary, Chapters 1, 5, 7, and at least 1 other chapter of your choice.)
- Transport for London. Expanding Horizons: Transport for London’s Women’s Action Plan 2004. Available at http://www.tfl.gov.uk/assets/downloads/corporate/wap-english.pdf.
- Cao, Xinyu, Patricia L. Mokhtarian, and Susan L. Handy. Neighborhood Design and Aging: An Empirical Analysis in Northern California. September 2007. Available at http://www.ugpti.org/pubs/pdf/DP189.pdf.
- U.S. Government Accountability Office. Enhancing Transportation-Disadvantaged Seniors' Mobility. 2004. Available at http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04971.pdf.
Week 3: February 5
Due: Memo #2: Livable Streets (memo assignments here)
- Transportation policy evaluation metric #3: The impact of the transportation system on community quality of life
- Streets as places
- The street design process
- Citing sources fully and accurately (optional for students who have taken classes from me previously)
- Appleyard, Donald. Introduction and Chapters 1-3. In Livable Streets. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981. (Available through the SJSU library's electronic course reserves.)
- Project for Public Spaces. "Going Places: 21 Great Places That Show How Transportation Can Enliven a Community." 2008. Available at http://www.pps.org/transportation/info/trans_articles/great_transportation_places.
- Michaelson, Juliette, Gary Toth, and Renee Espiau. Great Corridors, Great Communities. New York: Project for Public Spaces, 2008. Available at http://www.pps.org/pdf/bookstore/Great_Corridors_Great_Communities.pdf.
- San Francisco Planning Department. San Francisco Better Streets Plan: Policies and Guidelines for the Pedestrian Realm (draft plan). June 2008. Available at http://www.sfgov.org/site/uploadedfiles/planning/Citywide/Better_Streets/proposals.htm. (Note that Chapter 2 describes the planning and regulatory documents that control the street design process, as well as the different local agencies and department that get involved in the process.)
Week 4: February 12
Due: Memo #3: Traffic Calming (memo assignments here)
- Guest Brett Hondorp (Senior Associate at Alta Planning + Design): Bicycle planning
- Traffic calming: Traditional and radical
- Appleyard, Donald. Chapter 12: Berkeley at the Barricades. In Livable Streets, pp. 215-239. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981. (Available through the SJSU library's electronic course reserves.)
- Ewing, Reid. "Impacts of Traffic Calming." Transportation Quarterly 55, no. 1 (Winter 2001): 33-45. (Available through the SJSU library's electronic course reserves.)
- Lyall, Sarah. "A Path to Road Safety With No Signposts." New York Times, January 22, 2005. Available here.
- Watch the video "Introduction to Shared Space (2 of 2)," available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wuxMuMrXUJk.
- "Introduction to Shared Space (1 of 2)," available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RLfasxqhBNU&feature=related. (Video)
- City of San Jose, Department of Transportation. Traffic Calming Toolkit: A Community Leaders' Guide. 2001. Available at http://www.sanjoseca.gov/transportation/forms/toolkit.pdf.
- City of Oakland, Bicycle Master Plan, 2007. Available for download from http://www.oaklandpw.com/page123.aspx#plan.
Week 5: February 19
Due: Memo #4: Walkability Audit (memo assignments here)
- Guest John Brazil (Bicycle and Pedestrian Program Coordinator for the City of San Jose): Pedestrian master planning AND sidewalks and ADA
- Transportation policy evaluation metric #4: The impact of the transportation system on the natural environment
- Go to the website at http://www.walkinginfo.org/ and read all the pages and sub-pages under the “Walking Solutions” heading in the left-hand column. Pay particular attention to the material under the first three sections ("Implement Solutions," "Develop Plans and Policies," and "Engineer Pedestrian Facilities").
- United States Environmental Protection Agency. Chapters 1 and 2. In Indicators of the Environmental Impacts of Transportation, 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.: The Agency, October 1999. (I will email you a pdf of the report.) Note: Read Chapter 1 with a particular emphasis on understanding the importance of indicators in planning and how to design good transportation indicators, and read Chapter 2 with the goal of of gaining an understanding of the wide range of impacts that the transportation system has on the natural environment.
- Alta Planning + Design. San Jose Pedestrian Master Plan: Administrative Draft. March 26, 2008. Available here.
- Alta Planning + Design and Logan Hopper Associates. City of San Jose, California: Detailed ADA Transition Plan Update for Sidewalks: Revised Draft - March 20, 2008. Available here.
- Alta Planning + Design. North San Jose Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan (draft). January 29, 2009. Available here.
- Southworth, Michael. "Reclaiming the Walkable City." Frameworks, no. 4 (2006): 16-23. Available at http://www.ced.berkeley.edu/images/stories/publications/ced_pubs/frameworks_4/southworth.06.fw.4.16.pdf.
- Hess, Paul M. "Avenues or Arterials: The Struggle to Change Street Building Practices in Toronto, Canada." Journal of Urban Design 14, no. 1 (2009): 1 - 28. (Available through the SJSU library's on-line journal databases.)
- Forman, Richard T. T. "Road Ecology's Promise: What's Around the Bend?" Environment 46, no. 4 (2004): 9-21. (Available through the SJSU library's subscription to the database Academic Search Premier.)
- Interview on the Daily Show of Daniel Sperling about this new book, Two Billion Cars, available here.
- Berg, Nate. "From Utility to Amenity: Greening the Alleys of Los Angeles." January 22, 2009. Available at http://www.planetizen.com/node/37038.
- City of Portland. "Portland Green Streets Program." 2009. Available at http://www.portlandonline.com/BES/index.cfm?c=44407&.
Week 6: February 26
Due: Organization analysis
Due: Memo #5 (memo assignments here)
Discussion of organization analysis assignments
Street layout and accessibility
Measuring "level of service" -- an introduction
- Southworth, Michael, and Eran Ben-Joseph. "Reconsidering the Cul-De-Sac." Access, no. 24 (2004): 28-33. Available at http://www.uctc.net/access/24/Access%2024%20-%2006%20-%20Reconsidering%20the%20Cul-de-sac.pdf.
- Aurbach, Laurence. "Two Connectivity Studies for 2008." PedShed.net, November 18, 2008. Available at http://pedshed.net/?p=217.
- Terry, Peter A. "HCM 101: A Primer for Non-Technical Decision Makers." Kansas University Transportation Center, no date. Available at http://www.kutc.ku.edu/cgiwrap/kutc/pctrans/ezine/2/hcm101.php.
- Kostof, Spiro. The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings through History. Boston: Bulfinch Press, 1991.
- Cozens, Paul, and David Hillier. "The Shape of Things to Come: New Urbanism, the Grid and the Cul-De-Sac." International Planning Studies 13, no. 1 (2008): 51 - 73.
- Grammenos, Fanis, Barry Craig, Douglas Pollard, and Carla Guerrera. "Hippodamus Rides to Radburn: A New Model for the 21st Century." Journal of Urban Design 13, no. 2 (2008): 163-76. Available at http://www.fusedgrid.ca/docs/HippodamusRidestoRadburn.pdf.
- Southworth, Michael, and Eran Ben-Joseph. Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.
Week 7: March 5
Due: Memo #6 (memo assignments here)
- Guest Sohrab Rashid (Senior Associate, Fehr & Peers): Traffic impact analysis
- Transportation and land-use planning: How do they connect?
- City of Morgan Hill. "Planning Commission Policy: Guidelines for Preparation of Transportation Impact Reports" (adopted May 28, 2008). (This document will be emailed to you.)
- Fehr and Peers. "Draft Report: Transportation Impact Analysis: Morgan Hill Trader Joe's" (prepared for David J. Powers and Associations, Inc.). April 2006. (This document will be emailed to you.)
- Handy, Susan. "Smart Growth and the Transportation - Land Use Connection: What Does the Research Tell Us?" International Regional Science Review 28, no 2 (2005): 146-167. Available at http://repositories.cdlib.org/postprints/670/.
- Highly recommended for those unfamiliar with CEQA: Fulton, William, and Paul Shigley. "Chapter 9: The California Environmental Quality Act." Guide to California Planning, 3rd edition, 155-179. Point Arena, CA: Solano Press Books, 2005. (Available in the SJSU library.)
- San Francisco County Transportation Authority. Automobile Trips Generated: CEQA Impact Measure and Mitigation Program: Final Report. October 27, 2008. Available at http://www.sfcta.org/images/stories/ATG_Report_final_lowres.pdf.
Week 8: March 12
No class. (A Friday afternoon field trip will be scheduled to replace this class.)
Friday, March 13, 3:00 p.m.: Field trip
to meet with Kevin Mathy, the Google Transportation Manager
(We will meet at Google's Mountain View headquarters. More details to come in class.)
Week 9: March 19
Due: Memo #7: "The Congestion Terminator" (memo assignments here)
- Guest Elliot Martin (Researcher at the Transportation Sustainability Research Center, UC Berkeley): Worldwide carsharing experience
- Traffic congestion: What is it, how do we define it, and what can we do/should we about it?
- Shaheen, Susan A., and Adam P. Cohen. "Growth in Worldwide Carsharing: An International Comparison." Transportation Research Record, no. 1992 (2007): 81-89. (This reading will be emailed to you.)
- Taylor, Brian D. "Rethinking Traffic Congestion." Access, no. 21 (2002): 8-16. Available at http://www.uctc.net/access/21/Access%2021%20-%2003%20-%20Rethinking%20Congestion.pdf.
- Downs, Anthony. Chapter 3 and Chapter 18. In Still Stuck in Traffic, pp. 14-36, 321-354. (Available through the SJSU library's electronic course reserves.) NOTE: For chapter 18, please read carefully through page 329; you may skim the rest of the chapter, if you wish, though I recommend reading it carefully.
- Millard-Ball, Adam, Gail Murray, Jessica Ter Schure, Christine Fox, and Jon Burkhardt. Chapters 2 and 6. In Car-Sharing: Where and How It Succeeds. Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board, 2005. Available at http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_108.pdf.
*** NO CLASS MARCH 26 - Spring Break ***
Week 10: April 2
Due: Memo #8 on equity: (memo assignments here)
- Transportation policy evaluation metric #5: Equity
- Pricing as one strategy to reduce congestion (congestion pricing)
- Litman, Todd. "Evaluating Transportation Equity: Methods for Incorporating Distributional Impacts into Transport Planning." Victoria Transport Institute, July 19, 2007. Available at http://www.vtpi.org/equity.pdf.
- Weinstein, Asha, and Gian-Claudia Sciara. "Unraveling Equity in HOT Lane Planning: A View from Practice." Journal of Planning Education and Research 26, no. 2 (2006): 174-84. (Available through the SJSU library's on-line journals.)
- Bernstein, Scott, Carrie Makarewicz, and Kevin McCarty. Driven to Spend: Pumping Dollars out of Our Households and Communities. Chicago: Center for Neighborhood Technology and Surface Transportation Policy Project, 2005. Available at http://www.transact.org/library/reports_pdfs/driven_to_spend/Driven_to_Spend_Report.pdf.
- Schweitzer, Lisa, and Abel Jr. Valenzuela. "Environmental Injustice and Transportation: The Claims and the Evidence." Journal of Planning Literature 18, no. 4 (2004): 383 - 98. (Available through the SJSU library's on-line journals.)
- Lipman, Barbara J., et al. A Heavy Load: The Combined Housing and Transportation Burdens of Working Families. Washington, D.C.: Center for Housing Policy, 2006 (October). Available at http://www.nhc.org/pdf/pub_heavy_load_10_06.pdf.
Week 11: April 9
Due: Memo #9 on the Grand Boulevard (memo assignments here)
- Guest Rob Swierk (Senior Transportation Planner, VTA): The Grand Boulevard Initiative - modeling likely bus use under different land-use scenarios
- Comprehensive approaches to transit services: BRT, dedicated bus lanes, and coordinating transportation and land use planning
Required readings: See the memo assignment for the required reading
- Bent, Elizabeth M., Rachel E.M. Hiatt, and Krute Singa. "Full-Featured Bus Rapid Transit in San Francisco, California: Toward a Comprehensive Planning Approach and Evaluation Framework." Transportation Research Record 2072 (2008): 89-100.
- Currie, Graham, and Ian Wallis. "Effective Ways to Grow Urban Bus Markets: A Synthesis of Evidence." Journal of Transport Geography 16, no. 6 (2008): 419-29.
- Estupinan, Nicolas, and Daniel A. Rodriguez. "The Relationship between Urban Form and Station Boardings for Bogota's BRT." Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 42, no. 2 (2008): 296-306.
- Taylor, Brian D., Douglas Miller, Hiroyuki Iseki, and Camille Fink. "Nature and/or Nurture? Analyzing the Determinants of Transit Ridership across US Urbanized Areas." Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 43, no. 1 (2009): 60-77.
Week 12: April 16
Due: Memo #10 on parking policy at SJSU (memo assignments here)
- Guest Ying Smith (Transportation Planning Manager, VTA): VTA's "Comprehensive Operations Analysis" program for bus service
- Parking management strategies
- Connolly, Kevin, and Ying Smith. "Reaching for Ridership and Rationality: Santa Clara County Bus System Comprehensive Operations Analysis" Prepared for the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority. (This document was emailed to students.)
- Litman, Todd. "Parking Management: Strategies, Evaluation, and Planning." Victoria Transport Policy Institute, November 5, 2008. Available at http://www.vtpi.org/park_man.pdf.
- Shoup, Donald. "Roughly Right or Precisely Wrong." Access, no. 20 (2002): 20-25. Available at http://www.uctc.net/access/access20.pdf.
- Shoup, Donald. The High Cost of Free Parking. Chicago: American Planning Association, 2005.
Week 13: April 23
6:00 - 7:30 p.m.: Panel discussion on the Future of Diridon Station (DMH 150) -- optional but recommended
8:00 - 10:00 p.m.: Class meets in regular classroom (CL 229)
Due: Policy Effectiveness Analysis Papers (for group 1 URBP 256 students)
Topics: Student presentations of policy effectiveness analysis papers
No reading and no memo.
Week 14: April 30
Due: Policy Effectiveness Analysis Papers (for URBP 256 group 2 students, and for URBP 178/ENVI 178 students)
Topics: Student presentations of policy effectiveness analysis papers
No reading and no memo.
Week 15: May 7
Due: Memo #11: (memo assignments here)
- History of transit finance: Did GM Kill the Trolley? (Video and discussion)
- Student evaluations of the class (SOTES)
- Slater, C. “General Motors and the Demise of Streetcars.” Transportation Quarterly 51, no.3 (Summer 1997): 45-66. Available at http://www.lava.net/cslater/TQOrigin.pdf.
- “Ideas in Motion: General Motors and the Demise of the Streetcar.” Transportation Quarterly 52, no. 1 (Winter 1998): 14-29. (Available through the SJSU library electronic course reserves.)
Monday, May 18: General plan sustainability analysis due, by email, by the end of the day
Exam period: May 21, 7:15 - 9:15 p.m.
- Discussion of general plan analyses
- Course summary
|Return to URBP 256 course page|
Page last modified: 8 May 2009