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Intermediate: Logic & Critical Reasoning


Philosophy 157 -Intermediate Logic and Critical Reasoning - is a continuation of philosophy 57 - Introduction to Logic and Critical Reasoning. This course has three main components/goals: (a) to provide students with a pathway from introduction to logic and critical reasoning to logical literacy through a dialectical investigation formal logic, philosophical logic, and philosophy of logic, (b) to prepare students to teach philosophy 57 by providing them with an opportunity to research, assemble and defend a syllabus on how critical thinking should be taught from a political, pedagogical, and formal perspective, and (c) to allow students the opportunity to acquire skills relevant for performance on the LSAT and GMAT. A non-exhaustive list of potential topics in formal logic, philosophical logic, and the philosophy of logic includes: first-order logic (comprised of propositional, predicate, and modal logic); intensional logics, such as: epistemic, deontic, doxastic, and temporal logic; general logical systems, such as counterfactual, para-consistent, hybrid, free, intuitionistic, quantum, Nyaya Logic, Buddhist Logic, and second-order logic; in addition the meta-theory of logic -compactness, completeness, incompleteness, soundness, decidability, computability, and halting; the meta-theory of critical thinking with respect to the evolutionary function of argumentation, the possibility of discovery, truth, pragmatism, and realism; the deontic status of logic and the ethics of belief, the metaphysics of logic with respect to logical pluralism and logical monism.