Part I. Multiple Choice (15 points, 1 point each)
Q1. The smallest unit of meaning in Language is:
Q2. "Each unit of language has a physical resemblance to its referent" is a definition of:
Q3. Which of the following is not included within Chompsky�s Transformational Grammar
Q4. Imagine giving subjects the following:
ANTS WERE IN THE KITCHEN
ANTS ATE THE JELLY
THE JELLY WAS ON THE TABLE
During recall, subjects report
"THE ANTS ATE THE JELLY THAT WAS ON THE TABLE"
Q5. Which of the following is not associated with the concept of "arbitrariness":
Q6. Which of the following does Kintch not identify as an important aspect of memory encoding and retrieval?
Q7. Which of the following is not associated with scripts?
Q8. Davidson did work with recall for short little stories after a delay of one week. When compared to �script� information, the use of vivid imagery was found to produce:
Q9. Roediger and McDermott (1995) performed an experiment in which subjects were presented with lists of semantically related items and then tested (after a short interval filled with an arithmetic task) for their recognition of the list items. Which of the following is least involved in their research
Q10. The ordering of words in a sentence to show their relation to one another:
Q11. Your understanding of the phrase "THE KEY OPENED THE DOOR" is most closely related to which theoretical view of language processing
Q12. The background characteristics of Language have been proposed to change how people view the world. This reflects:
Q13. The inability of a native Spanish Speaking Monolingual individual to differentiate "EYES" from "ICE" reflects
Q14. The phrase "HOW MANY ANIMALS OF EACH KIND DID MOSES BRING ONTO THE ARK" illustrates
Q15. Alluding to a concept using another name is:
Part II. Short Answer (15 points)
Q16. What is the difference between Linguistics and Psycholinguistics? (Define each)
Q17. How are Animal Communication and Human Language thought to differ?
Q18. Identify the four major Linguistic Universals (as discussed in class)
Q19. What is the "problem of invariance"?
Q20. Semantics can overpower syntax. Give an example.
Q21. Consider Bartlett�s work on Memory function using the "war of the ghosts" story. Use EXAMPLES and TECHNICAL TERMS to characterize his findings.
Q22. Two-part question: (1) How are eye-movements used to study language processing? (2) What are the two major assumptions required?
Q23. Loftus included biasing information in questions that she asked subjects immediately after they had viewed videotape of a two-car accident. What was the effect on subjects� immediate reports and what was the effect a week later?
Q24. Memories for "repressed" then "recovered" memories is suspect because people�s memories are suggestible. What are three likely causes?
Q25. Bahrick, Bahrick, & Wittlinger (1975) report "50 Years of names and faces". What two suggestions can be drawn from their work with respect to improving your Memory?
(1 point)Last Modified: Jan 14, 2015