Part I. Multiple Choice (16 points, 1 point each)


Q1. Which of the following does not describe the action of a single neuron in isolation:

    1. biological
    2. chemical
    3. electrical
    4. psychological

Q2. "the structure which serves as a relay station into the cortex"

    1. Cerebellum
    2. Hippocampus
    3. Thalamus
    4. Corpus Callosum

Q3. "A" is associated with precise timing measures, "B" is associated with precise spatial localization.

    1. A = fMRI: B= EEG
    2. A = PET; B = CAT
    3. A = EEG; B = fMRI
    4. A = MRI; B = fMRI

Q4. Consider an individual who has suffered from Carbon Monoxide Poisoning; They now suffer from Retrograde Amnesia. Which task are they likely to have the most trouble with?

    1. Remembering the name of the experimenter after a 1-hour break for lunch.
    2. Remembering any of their elementary school teachers.
    3. The Tower of Hanoi.
    4. Insight Problems.


Q5. "A situation in which existing knowledge biases one�s reasoning":

    1. Veracity Effect
    2. Top-Down Biases
    3. Representativeness
    4. Confirmation Bias


Q6. Making judgements about which is smaller � a �1� or a �2� � versus � a �1� or a �4� � will illustrate:

    1. The Symbolic Congruity effect
    2. The Stroop effect
    3. The Imagery effect
    4. The Symbolic Distance effect


Q7. To demonstrate that Implicit and Explicit Memory involves separate cognitive systems one could use:

    1. Case Studies of Brain Lesion patients
    2. Dissociations
    3. Double-Dissociations
    4. All of the above


Q8. Making a decision based on ease of retrieval of relevant examples from memory (e.g., the "words with K in the first/third position" example). This is an informal approach that can be extremely useful in many situations, but which sometimes produces the wrong answer.

    1. Representativeness
    2. Bayes Theorem
    3. Availability
    4. All of the above


Q9. Consider:

If Mark drew it, it is a Duck;

it is a Duck;

Mark drew it.

    1. Conditional Reasoning
    2. Affirm the Antecedent
    3. valid Inference
    4. All of the Above


Q10. "A room full of Ph.D.�s and nobody can open a book" [slide projector height example] illustrates:

    1. Functional Fixedness
    2. Conditional Reasoning
    3. Syllogistic Reasoning
    4. Means-End Analysis


Q11. Given a P and an S, consider the following:

If the P is a Q, then the S is an X

The S is not an X


    1. The P is not a Q
    2. Not P
    3. Not Q
    4. No valid inference can be drawn

Q12. Each eye:

    1. has projections to only the hemisphere on the same side
    2. Only has projections to the hemisphere on the opposite side
    3. Has projections to both hemispheres
    4. Does not have projections to either hemisphere

Q13. The inability of a native Spanish Speaking Monolingual individual to differentiate "EYES" from "ICE" reflects

    1. Semantic Categorization
    2. Morpheme-based processing
    3. Phonemic Perception
    4. Syntactic Analysis

Q14. Following a motorcycle accident, which produced a serious head injury, Mrs. Davidson had to spend a long period of time in the chronic care facility of the Hospital. Mrs. S complained that the hospital was not giving her enough to eat on her meal trays. The hospital staff protested that she must be making things up in order to attract more attention and sympathy from them because they found she rarely touched the food on the left side of her plate. The most likely alternative explanation is:

    1. Aphasia
    2. Hemispatial Neglect
    3. Agnosia
    4. Anomia



Q15. Which card or cards would you turn over to obtain conclusive evidence about the following rule: A CARD WITH A VOWEL ON IT WILL HAVE AN EVEN NUMBER ON THE OTHER SIDE." Note: Each card has a number on one side and a letter on the other.


A 4 3 D



6 7 U E





    1. All vowels and evens
    2. All consonants and evens
    3. All vowels and odds
    4. All consonants and odds


Q16. Recursively getting closer and closer from the current state towards the solution state

    1. Means-end analysis
    2. General Problem Solver (GPS)
    3. Anticipating Outcomes
    4. Working Backwards






Part II. Short Answer (14 points)

Q17. What is the problem with saying, "Language is on the Left"?

(1 point)








Q18. Draw a picture of the brain; label each of the lobes.

(1.5 point)

























Q19. Use Broca�s aphasia and Wernicke�s aphasia to illustrate a double-dissociation. What can you conclude?

(1 point - define each)

(1 point - describe the tasks & draw the graph)

(2 points)























Q20. What is the difference between an algorithm and a heuristic?

(1 point)











Q21. When might you use a Venn Diagram? What would be particularly important to keep in mind? [Use an example].

(1 example; .5 what important)

(1.5 point)

















Q22. Why might we care about "Naïve Physics"?

(1 point)
















Q23. Define and illustrate Contralaterality.

(1 point)






















Q24. What are the four general characteristics of Problem Solving as defined by Anderson (1980, 1985) as discussed by Ashcraft in the course text?

(2 point)








Q25. Identify seven suggestions for improving problem solving (of the twelve presented by Ashcraft in the course text)

(2 points; .33 each after the first)















Q26. What is the most recently developed part of the brain?

(1 point)

Last Modified: Jan 14, 2015