About Special Education/PLOs

Our Mission

The Department of Special Education prepares professionals to be effective educators, leaders in the field, and lifelong learners. We accomplish this goal in collaboration with other departments and community partners. Together we promote equity and excellence in our curricula and instruction by infusing evidence based best practices endorsed nationally.


The Department of Special Education prepares credential and M. A. candidates to become responsive instructional leaders, effective and reflective educators, and lifelong learners.

Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)

Students in the Education Specialist Teaching Credential programs are expected to demonstrate competence in each area addressed by the Program Standards, the Specialty Standards and the Teacher Performance Expectations (TPEs) as outlined in the (link) California Commission Education Specialist Teaching and Other Related Services Credential Program Standards, and listed below. In addition, there are three SPED standards.

Preliminary Education Specialist Teaching Credentials Program Standards 9-16:

Program Standard 9: Preparation to Teach Reading/Language Arts

Program Standard 10: Preparation to Teach English Language Learners

Program Standard 11: Typical and Atypical Development

Program Standard 12: Behavioral, Social, and Environmental Supports for Learning

Program Standard 13:  Curriculum and Instruction of Students with Disabilities

Program Standard 14: Creating Healthy Learning Environments

Program Standard 15:  Field Experience in a Broad Range of Service Delivery Options

Program Standard 16: Assessment of Candidate Performance


Mild/Moderate Disabilities (M/M) Specialty Standards 1-6:

M/M Standard 1: Characteristics of Students with Mild/Moderate Disabilities

M/M Standard 2: Assessment and Evaluation of Students with Mild/Moderate Disabilities 

M/M Standard 3:  Planning and Implementing Mild/Moderate Curriculum and Instruction

M/M Standard 4: Positive Behavior Support 

M/M Standard 5: Specific Instructional Strategies for Students with Mild/Moderate Disabilities

M/M Standard 6: Case Management


Moderate/Severe Disabilities (M/S) Specialty Standards 1-8:

M/S Standard 1:  Learning Characteristics of Individuals with Moderate/Severe Disabilities 

M/S Standard 2:  Communication Skills

M/S Standard 3:  Developing Social Interaction Skills and Facilitating Social Context.

M/S Standard 4:  Assessment, Program Planning and Instruction

M/S Standard 5:  Movement, Mobility, Sensory and Specialized Health Care

M/S Standard 6:  Positive Behavioral Support

M/S Standard 7: Transition and Transitional Planning

M/S Standard 8: Augmentative and Alternative Communication


Early Childhood Special Education (ECSE) Specialty Standards 1-10:

ECSE Standard 1: Theoretical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations

ECSE Standard 2: Typical and Atypical Child Development

ECSE Standard 3: Role of Family in Early Childhood Special Education

ECSE Standard 4:  Assessment and Evaluation of Infants, Toddlers and Preschoolers

ECSE Standard 5: Individualized Family Service Plan, Individualized Education Program and Transition

ECSE Standard 6: Intervention and Instructional Strategies: Birth through Pre-Kindergarten

ECSE Standard 7: Learning Environments

ECSE Standard 8: Collaboration and Teaming

ECSE Standard 9:  Low Incidence Disabilities in Early Childhood Special Education Programs

ECSE Standard 10: Field Experience in Early Childhood Special Education Programs


Teacher Performance Expectations TPEs for Education Specialist Preliminary Teaching Credential Programs

TPE 1:  Specific Pedagogical Skills for Subject Matter Instruction

TPE 1A:  Subject-Specific Pedagogical Skills for Teachers of Elementary Students

Teaching Language Arts to Elementary Students
Teaching Mathematics to Elementary Students
Teaching Science to Elementary Students
Teaching History-Social Science to Elementary Students

TPE 1B:  Subject-Specific Pedagogical Skills for Teachers of Secondary Students

Teaching English-Language Arts to Secondary Students
Teaching Mathematics to Secondary Students
Teaching Science to Secondary Students
Teaching History-Social Science to Secondary Students

TPE 2: Monitoring Student Learning During Instruction

TPE 3: Interpretation and Use of Assessments

TPE 4: Making Content Accessible

TPE 5: Student Engagement

TPE 6: Developmentally Appropriate Teaching Practices

Developmentally Appropriate Teaching Practices for Education Specialists

TPE 6A:  Developmentally and Age Appropriate Practices in Pre-Kindergarten through Middle Elementary

TPE 6B:  Developmentally and Age Appropriate Practices in Upper Elementary and Middle School

TPE 6C:  Developmentally and Age Appropriate Practices in High School and Adult Transition

TPE 7: Teaching English Learners

TPE 8: Learning About Students    

TPE 9: Instructional Planning

TPE 10: Instructional Time

TPE 11: Social Environment

TPE 12: Professional, Legal and Ethical Obligations

TPE 13: Professional Growth

SPED: Professionalism

SPED: Participation in the IEP Process

SPED: Technology in the Classroom