Glossary

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A B C D E F
G H I J K L
M N O P Q R
S T U V W X
Y Z        

Every area has its own vocabulary and international programs and global studies are no different. The following words and phrases are added on a weekly basis. SVCGS hope this helps you in the development of new and exciting grant proposals! Also, visit the acronyms page for more vocabulary glossary.

A

Acidification: The process of becoming acid or being converted into an acid.

Addis Ababa: The capital city of Ethiopia, also the largest.

Al-Mutanabbi: A historic street located in the center of the city of Baghdad famous for selling books. It is considered the center of Baghdad’s intellectual and literary circles.

Anthology: A published collection of poems or other pieces of writing.

B

Bilateral Agreement: Consists of the political, economic, or cultural relations between two sovereign states.

Bosnia & Herzegovina: Country located in Southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, its capital city is Sarajevo

Burkina Faso: A landlocked country located in western Africa, its capital city is Ouagadougou.

C

Cameroon: Officially known as the Republic of Cameroon, is country in west Central Africa. The capital is Yaounde

Centralized Government: A centralized or centralised government is one in which power or legal authority is exerted or coordinated by a de facto political executive to which federal states, local authorities, and smaller units are considered subject.

Co-morbidity: Two or more coexisting medical conditions or disease processes that are additional to an initial diagnosis.

D

Data Management Plan: A formal document that outlines how data will be managed during both your research and after it is complete, ensures that data is well managed during research and well preserved for the future.

De Facto: Denoting someone or something that is such in fact.

Democratic Kampuchea: Present-day Cambodia, a country in Southeast Asia.

Diaspora: Any group of individuals that have been dispersed outside its traditional homeland, especially involuntarily.

Digitization: The conversion of analog information into digital information.

E

F

FastLane(NSF): The National Science Foundation’s(NSF) interactive real-time system used to do business through the web.

G

H

Hijab: A head covering worn in public by some Muslim women.

I

International Relations: the study of relationships between countries, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and multinational corporations (MNCs).

Islamic Republic of Iran: Official name of Iran, a country in Western Asia.

J

Jacobabad City: Jacobabad or Yaqubabad, is the capital city of Jacobabad District, Sindh, Pakistan.This is one of old city of Sindh state.

K

Kinshasa: The capital and the largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Kenya: Officially the Republic of Kenya, it is a sovereign state in East Africa.

L

M

Mauritania: A country located in west Africa, its official name is the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. Its capital city is Nouakchott.

Memorandum of Understanding: A document describing a bilateral or multilateral agreement between parties. It expresses a convergence of will between the parties, indicating an intended common line of action. It is often used in cases where parties either do not imply a legal commitment or in situations where the parties cannot create a legally enforceable agreement. It is a more formal alternative to a gentlemen’s agreement.

Merida Initiative: A partnership between the U.S. government and the Mexico government based on principles of shared responsibilities mutual trust, and respect for sovereign independence that fights organized crime and violence.

Montenegro: A country in Southeastern Europe, also known as “The Pearl of the Mediterranean.”

Multilateral Agreement: A term in international relations that refers to multiple countries working in concert on a given issue.

Myanmar: Myanmar, also known as Burma, officially known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia.

N

Nicaragua: Officially the Republic of Nicaragua, it is the largest country in the Central American isthmus.

Nyarugusu Refugee Camp: One of the Africa’s largest and most well known refugee camp located in western Tanzania.

O

Open University: A university that is open to individuals without previous formal academic qualifications.

P

Panshir Province: Also spelled Panjshir, is one of the thirty-four provinces in Afghanistan. It is located in the northeastern part of the country.

Parwan Province: Also called Parvan, it is one of the thirty-four provinces in Afghanistan. Located north of Kabul province, its capital city is Charikar.

Punjab: A region of Northwestern India and Pakistan.

Q

R

Republic of Palau: Officially the Republic of Palau, it is an island located in the western Pacific Ocean.

S

SMART Implementation Plan: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and reliable, Time-bound and trackable implementation plans are plans with well conceived objectives, indicators and established baselines.

Sovereign States: A sovereign state is a political organization with a centralized government that has supreme independent authority over a geographic area.

T

Tanzania: Officially known as the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa.

Technology Transfer: The transfer of new technology from the originator to a secondary user, esp. from developed to less developed countries in an attempt to boost their economies.

Tunisia: Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is the northernmost country in Africa.

U

V

W

X

Y

Yerevan: The capital and largest city of Armenia, it is situated by the Hrazdan River.

Z

Zambia: A centrally located country in southern Africa. Its official name is the Republic of Zambia, and its capital is Lusaka.