Diversity and Inclusion
As you think about your career, remember to consider what value your diverse background brings to an organization and that many employers appreciate the unique insight that diverse candidates bring to their position/organization.
The following are career resources that can be helpful for students who identify with specific diverse groups or interest areas:
- Job Boards and Publications
Diversity Working: The largest diversity job board online.
IM Diversity: African, Asian, Hispanic, and Native American job search resources.
DiversityInc: The career resource for diversity enthusiasts; Includes career-related diversity news stories, job listings and resume posting features.
Diversity: America's most trusted source for recruiting job seekers from diverse ethnic cultures, life styles, life stages, creative persuasions, abilities, religious affiliations and gender.
San Jose State AB540 Information: Provides an overview of Assembly Bill 540 as well as resources at SJSU and in the community.
Workplace Diversity: Diversity job search engine.
- African American
SJSU African American/Black Student Success Center: The AABSSC's primary mission is to retain, empower, and successfully graduate African-American/Black students at SJSU.
Black Enterprise: Website for entrepreneurs.
Black News: Daily news for black professionals, including job postings.
The Black Collegian: The career site for students of color.
The Black Perspective: Find news and information, job opportunities, and employment-related resources.
- Asian American
Asian Jobs: Jobs for bilingual candidates.
Goldsea: Articles and links to many useful sites.
National Association of Asian American Professionals: A national not-for-profit organization for professionals of varying Asian descent.
SJSU Chicanx/Latinx Student Success Center: A responsive and culturally relevant academic success center devoted to providing inclusive and welcoming community spaces.
SJSU Latino Alumni Network (LAN): Strives to create a network of Latinos who are committed to fostering relationships, creating opportunities, and providing support for the greater SJSU community of Latino students and alumni.
ALPHA: A leading professional association dedicated to enhancing opportunities for Latinos in the accounting, finance and related professions.
iHispano: Committed to promoting Hispanic employment and networking opportunities through its partnerships with leading Hispanic organizations and corporate clients.
Latpro: Enables employers and recruiters to efficiently find professional candidates with language skills, international experience and/or multicultural knowledge.
Hispanic Today: This family of online publications serves to aid specific targeted minority groups in finding news and information, job opportunities, and other useful employment related resources.
Adelante: A support network of students, faculty, staff, and administrators across campus for students with targeted and culturally specific programming and services at San Jose State.
- First Generation
SJSU Educational Opportunity Program: Designed to improve student academic support of first-generation, low-income and educationally disadvantaged students. The program provides admission, academic, and financial assistance to EOP-eligible undergraduate students considered California residents or AB540 students.
Goldsea: Articles and links to many useful sites.
- Gender Equity
SJSU Gender Equity Center: strives to empower SJSU students and educate the campus on a multitude of issues facing society based on gender. The Gender Equity Center organizes and participates in a variety of events throughout the year, including: The Clothesline Project, Vagina Monologues, Take Back the Night, etc.
SJSU PRIDE CENTER: The mission is to support the LGBTIQQA (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, Queer, Questioning, Ally) students of San José State University.
SF LGBT Center: The mission is to connect our diverse community to opportunities, resources and each other to achieve our vision of a stronger, healthier, and more equitable world for LGBT people and our allies.
Echelon Magazine: A magazine that publishes articles on LGBT finance, economic development, workplace advocacy, corporate diversity, education, employment and explores the ever evolving LGBT marketplace.
Parents, Families & Friends of Lesbians & Gays (PFLAG): A national non-profit organization with over 200,000 members and supporters.
Out for Undergrad (O4U): Their mission is to help high-achieving LGBTQ+ undergraduates reach their full potential by hosting four unique conferences where they're inspired to pursue ambitious careers.
Queer Advocacy and Knowledge Exchange (Qu-AKE): A national, nonprofit, inclusive network for professionals working in the fields of civil engineering, architecture, urban planning, geosciences and construction.
- Native American
Native American Jobs: Employment opportunities for all people from diverse, indigenous, and minority cultures.
Native Hire: Tribal employment database working with companies specifically looking to hire Native Americans, includes training and apprenticeships.
Tribal College Journal: Online publication focused on American Indian higher education, includes job listings.
American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES): National and nonprofit organization focused on increasing the representation of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and other indigenous people of North America in STEM studies and careers.
Society for Advancement of Chicanos/Hispanics and Native Americans in Science (SACNAS): Database with jobs, internships, scholarships, pre-doctoral fellowships, conferences, trainings, research study participation, etc.
Native American Journalist Association: Provides internships and NAJA programs to increase the representation of native journalists working in media.
National Congress of American Indians: American Indian and Alaska Native indigenous rights organization, includes job listings.
- Students with Disabilities
SJSU Accessible Education Center (AEC): Provides attention/support to SJSU students with disabilities and the University’s continued advocacy and commitment to increasing accessibility/inclusivity on campus.
Accommodations: Information and answers to questions ranging from accommodation needs, disclosure of disability, and use of Assistive Technology for persons with disabilities.
Disclosure: Tips and resources around disclosure.
Community: Local and national resources covering numerous topic areas such as benefit coverage, rehabilitation, legal rights, independent living, accessibility, community services, and much more.
Employment /Internship Search: Employment and internship resource websites specifically devoted to persons with disabilities.
Click here for resources for international students.
If you’re not already aware of the Veterans' Resource Center, you need to be! They offer comprehensive services for Veterans, Active Duty Service persons, Dependents, Reservists and National Guard members.
At the Career Center, our mission is to help you find civilian employment that will highlight the strengths and skills you gained from your military service.
- Translating Your Military Service
Taking your military service and translating it into civilian terminology can be difficult. Preparing your resume is an integral part of your transition to the civilian world because it helps you to 1. Identify your strengths and skills developed through your military experience, and 2. Develop a civilian narrative that describes your accomplishments and experiences.
The purpose of the resume is to get an interview. Remember to:
- List military experience in layman’s terms utilizing accomplishment statements that showcase your transferable skills.
- Target resume to list experience/strengths/skills that directly relate to the position you are applying to.
- Assume that a civilian is reading your resume with limited to no knowledge of the military.
You have most likely gained a lot of strengths from your military experience that civilian employers are seeking. As you are writing your accomplishment statements ask yourself: How can I highlight this strength in civilian terms?
Leadership / team leader / team player
Ability to work with diverse individuals
Meet deadlines / work under pressure
Ability to give and follow directions
Experience with systematic planning / organization
Familiar with records / personnel administration
Self-direction / initiative / flexibility / adaptability
Global outlook /client and service-oriented
Civilian Resume Development
When highlighting what you have achieved in the military on your civilian resume, it is important to highlight in civilian terms what you have accomplished. When you write an accomplishment statement that illustrates what you have done on the job it showcases transferable skills that can be utilized on the civilian job. Demonstrating what you accomplished vs. simply listing your duties performed shows the employer how your previous experience relates to the position at hand. Your mission is to write accomplishment statements that highlight your strengths, support your objective, and demonstrate the skills that you have performed previously.
To write effective accomplishment statements, think of the acronym: S.T.A.R. (Situation/Task, Action, and Result):
Situation/Task: What did you individually do in this situation?
Action: What action did you take? What skills or strengths did you use?
Result: What was the result of the action that you took?
When writing these statements it is important to ask yourself and answer the following questions:
- Would someone without a military background understand what this means?
- Why is this important for a civilian employer to know?
- What are the strengths and skills that I am trying to highlight?
- Did I use military phrases, program titles, or acronyms? If yes – how can I reframe the wording to reflect civilian terms?
- Developing Effective Accomplishment Statements
Below are examples of before and after accomplishment statements.
Before statements showcase typical statements that may be seen on a military resume (depending on branch and level of service.) Notice that the before statements may not go into detail about how the action was accomplished and often will use military terms or phrases.
Consider statements showcase why information may or may not be in civilian terms.
After statements utilize the civilian resume development tips that were previously listed and illustrate how to use the S.A.R. approach with accomplishment statement development.
Provided junior staff with one-on-one training in order to achieve skills needed to perform and advance within the power plant and in their careers in the Navy.
A civilian employer may not know what training is needed for a sailor to advance in the Navy nor may they understand the size or scope of duties to maintain a power plant within the Navy.
Strengths highlighted: communication, problem solving, obtain and process information
Helping professionally develop team / manage schedules of team
Individually mentored new staff / provided trainings re: operations, procedures, and drills
Help team members advance careers / ensured team was prepared for emergency and non-emergency situations
Professionally developed junior staff through one-on-one training and mentoring to achieve watch-standing qualifications to advance position and career track within the Navy
Supervised and managed hourly assignments for a team of 12 junior engineering personnel providing training on system maintenance procedures, operations, and safety training drills
Students with Disabilities
Resources listed below provide information ranging from accommodation needs, disclosure of disability, and use of Assistive Technology for persons with disabilities.
For accommodations in your class or on campus, please contact the SJSU Accessible Education Center at (408) 924-6000.
Job Accommodation Network (JAN): An international toll-free consulting service that provides the most in-depth and comprehensive information and solutions for both employers and consumers on accommodation and employability issues to assist in interviewing, hiring, retraining, retention, and advancement for persons with disabilities.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: The federal guidepost of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission provides answers to key questions pertaining to the laws, regulations, guidance, training, litigation and discrimination involving all aspects of employment.
AbleData: Maintained by the U.S. Department of Education, is the premiere source of providing objective information on Assistive Technology and rehabilitation equipment with both domestic and international sources. AbleData does no sell products, only referring consumers to various product listings.
Disability.gov: A federal resource providing comprehensive information on disability programs and services nationwide. The site links to more than 14,000 resources from federal, state, academic institutions and nonprofit organizations.
Enablemart: The number one source where consumers can browse a wide selection of Assistive Technologies depending on the type of disability, from physical, learning, or sensory.
Microsoft Accessibility: Informative website offered by Microsoft provides a comprehensive guide to Assistive Technology and equipment with user interface, based on the premise that "accessibility enables people."
Equal Access to Software and Information (EASI): The premiere provider of online training on accessible information technology for persons with disabilities. EASI is committed in the belief that students and professionals with disabilities have the same right to access information technology as everyone.
Disabled Person: Provides a good understanding for employer and employee when requesting a workplace accommodation, the process of determining what’s required, and resolving many employer fears such as prohibitive costs.
Rules For Disclosure
Script your disclosure. Write it down and have it critiqued. Run through it with friends who are employers, with people in the working world.
Rehearse your disclosure script until you feel comfortable and good about it, not only with your lips, but also with your body language.
When you prepare your script, avoid being too clinical or too detailed. It may be of great interest to you, but the interviewer wants to know only three things: will you be there; can you do the job as well or better than anyone else; will you be of value to the company?
Remember your script and be positive about your skills and abilities. The more positive you are, the more you will convey that you are you and "just happen to have a disability." Conversely, the more you discuss your disability, the more important it will become in the employer's mind.
Reduction of stress. Many people report that "hiding is more stressful than telling."
Bad past experience(s): rejection or loss of a job because of the disability.
You will have "cleared the air" and will know what to expect.
Fear of being placed in a "dead-end job."
Release from the worry that a past employer or reference might inadvertently "drop" the fact that you have a disability.
Fear of being an object of curiosity.
Full freedom to examine and question health insurance and other benefits.
Fear that if something doesn't go right, it will be blamed on the disability
Freedom to communicate with your employer should you face changes in your condition.
Fear of being "different."
Disclosure may make you feel more "comfortable." That word is the real key to the issue of disclosure.
Mostly, just fear of not getting the job.
(disclosure chart image)
Online Resources Addressing Issues of Disclosure
- Job/Internship Search
The Career Center has numerous resources to assist you during each stage of your job and internship search. For more information on workshops, internship programs, and employer connections, visit SJSU Handshake.
In addition, below are job and internship resources specifically devoted to persons with disabilities.
Workforce Recruitment Program: Connects federal and private sector employers nationwide with highly motivated college students for summer work, internships and permanent jobs.
Entry Point: Offers outstanding internship opportunities for students with disabilities in science, engineering, mathematics, and computer science, through the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Career Opportunities for Students with Disabilities: Brings together college students and recent alumni with disabilities with employers for networking, education, and ultimate employment opportunities.
Emerging Leaders Program: A highly competitive leadership program that places undergraduate and graduate students with disabilities in fulfilling summer internships.
Disabled Person-Recruit ABILITY: Allows persons with disabilities to connect with possible employers by posting your resume.
Getting Hired: A job website devoted to opening doors with employers committed to hiring talented people with disabilities.
Mobility International: A cross-disability nonprofit organization who’s mission is to empower persons with disabilities to achieve their human rights by increasing disability inclusion through international exchange and development.
National Business and Disability Council: A leading resource for employers seeking to integrate qualified persons with disabilities into the workplace.
One More Way: The nation’s largest fee-free web portal for job seekers with disabilities and hiring manager looking to hire qualified candidates with disabilities. One More Way is a project of the Sierra Group Foundation.
Hire Disability Solutions: Since its inception in 2004, HDS has established itself as a national leader in protecting and enhancing employment opportunities for persons with disabilities.
Ability Jobs: A division of Ability Magazine, has a long history of bringing together employers and job seekers with disabilities. Today, Ability Jobs, is the largest job board in the nation designed for job seekers with disabilities.
Ticket to Work: Provides information on incentives available to help support persons with disabilities with their employment goals. TTW can help you find and maintain employment by obtaining one-to-one services, benefits planning, vocational rehabilitation, and other relevant services to achieve your vocational goals.
One-Stop Career Centers: Provides information on job seeking, training and other employment services. You will also be offered available job search workshops, vocational education and rehabilitation, youth services, networking opportunities, and job postings.
Connect!: Provides many free or low cost services to help you find your next employment or career development opportunity within Silicon Valley. The Connect job seeker center is a one-stop resource for all your job search needs.
Project HIRED: A nonprofit agency of Santa Clara County designed to assist individuals with disabilities to gain and sustain employment in partnership with business and the community.
If you have questions relating to your disability, below are both local and national resources covering numerous topics such as benefit coverage, rehabilitation, legal rights, independent living, accessibility, and community services.
Disability.gov: This website is a federal resource providing comprehensive information on disability programs and services nationwide. The site links to more than 14,000 resources from federal, state, academic institutions, and nonprofit organizations.
State Department of Rehabilitation (DOR): Works in partnership with consumers and other stakeholders to provide services and advocacy resulting in employment, independent living, and equality for persons with disabilities.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): This all-encompassing and most widely used passage prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state & local governments, public accommodation and telecommunications under four separate titles.
Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP): The mission is to provide national leadership by developing and influencing disability employment-related policies and practices affecting an increase in the employment of persons with disabilities.
Disability Benefits 101: Working with a Disability in California: This website provides practical information on health coverage and benefit programs for workers and job seekers, including Medi-Cal, Medicare, Social Security, State Disability Insurance and In-Home Supportive Services. Online calculators are available to help you plan how your benefits might change when you start working.
California Social Security: This state resource center includes a user-friendly interface for frequently asked questions on disability, statistical data, legal information, disability law, terms, and 24-hour hotline of emergency assistance programs.
Hire Potential: A national firm that offers staffing and consulting services to corporations and government agencies. It also assists in federal and ADA compliance, diversity solutions, and website accessibility.
World Institute on Disability (WID): The mission is to eliminate barriers to full integration and to increase employment, economic security, and health care for persons with disabilities. WID creates innovative programs and tools, conducts research, public education, training, and technical assistance.
Disability World: Primary focus of this site is to provide information and news to the public, disability community, and organizations on issues affecting persons with disabilities.
Silicon Valley Business Leadership Network (SVBLN): A group of employers in Silicon Valley who meet to share best practices in hiring, retaining, marketing, and promoting full inclusion of persons with disabilities into the labor force.
Independent Living Centers (ILCs): Can provide independent living skills training, advocacy, benefits planning, housing assistance, information referral and other services to help people with disabilities live independently.
Silicon Valley Independent Living Center (SVILC): A cross-disability, intergenerational, and multicultural disability justice organization that creates fully inclusive communities that value dignity, equality, freedom, and worth of every human being.
National Organization on Disability (NOD): Promotes the employment and full participation of people with disabilities in all aspects of life.
Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund (DREDF): The mission is to advance the civil and human rights of persons with disabilities through legal advocacy, training, education, and public policy and legislative development.
Disability Rights Advocate (DRA): A nonprofit legal center whose mission is to ensure dignity, equality, and opportunity for people with all types of disabilities throughout the United States and worldwide.
Disability Rights California (DRC): Goal is to advance the rights of Californians with disabilities for a barrier free and inclusive world that values diversity, culture, and each individual.
Expandability: A community-based organization providing persons with disabilities access to computer adaptive technology and career transition services.
Types of Disabilities: A comprehensive guide to various physical, mental, and developmental disabilities and rehabilitation.