The nation feels the effects of the Civil Rights Movement, the Vietnam War and the assassinations of President John F. Kennedy and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Apollo lands on the moon and the personal computer becomes available. San Jose State College becomes California State University, San Jose in 1972, and then San Jose State University in 1974. SJSU gets its first female president -- Gail Fullerton.

SJSU Facts: 1960 to 1979

Student protest

1961 - The 1960s are an era of student upheaval and protest and a time of national campus unrest. President Clark welcomes the lively debate and idea exchange of the 1960s, and supports the students' concerns with justice, equality and morality. In addition to peaceful protests and marches, violence and unrest overshadow campus life.

SJSU judo champs

1962 - San Jose State College judo club wins the first of many national collegiate judo association championships, with Coach "Yosh" Uchida. A club sport, rather than an NCAA sport, San Jose State judo becomes an example of SJSU's competitive prowess -- with 34 championship titles in 37 national competitions by 1998.

Moss Landing Marine Laboratories

1966 - National Science Foundation provides $150,000 for a marine laboratory at Moss Landing. Moss Landing Marine Laboratories (MLML) gains a reputation for excellence in marine science research and education, and is the second oldest marine lab on Monterey Bay. A consortium of seven California State University campuses, led by San Jose State, operates MLML.

Tommie Smith/John Carlos statue

1968 - In October 1968, two San Jose State students, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, stage a protest by raising their fists in the Black Power salute during the ceremonies conferring medals at the Olympic Games in Mexico City. Their silent protest for human rights is seen around the world and reviled by many but supported by SJSC President Clark.

Gaylord Nelson

1970 - In February 1970, as part of the first Earth Day, students purchase and subsequently bury a new automobile to build environmental awareness. SJSU graduate Gaylord Nelson '39 Political Science, '60 Honorary Master of Arts, founds Earth Day. Nelson would later serve as governor and senator from Wisconsin. Inspired by the teach-ins dealing with the Vietnam War, Earth Day was an instant success, drawing 20 million participants the first year (1970).

John Steinbeck

1974 - The Steinbeck Research Center opens officially in March 1974. Initially located in Library Central, it is eventually moved to King Library and named the Martha Heasley Cox Center for Steinbeck Studies. As of 2006, the center houses over 40,000 items, including letters, manuscripts, first editions, films, memorabilia, original art and secondary works.